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Νομικό Λεξικό

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A contrario

Εξ αντιδιαστολής

In contradistinction to, as opposed to

A fortiori

Με πιο ισχυρό λόγο

With greater force, with stronger reason, still more conclusively

A posteriori

Εκ των υστέρων

From the effect to the cause, from the particular to the general

A priori

Εκ των προτέρων

From what goes before, from cause to effect, prior to investigation, presumptive

A propos

Σχετικός με, κατάλληλος

Fit and proper, suitable, correct, apt, relevant, appropriate

Abalienatio

Aπαλλοτρίωση

Expropriation, surrender

Abalieno

Απαλλοτριώνω

Expropriate, seize

Abdicatio

Αποκήρυξη (γιού)

Αποποίηση αρχής (κατάθεση)

Abdication (the voluntary renunciation of a privilege or an office)-abdicate (to voluntarily renounce e.g. the throne)

Abrogatio

Αναίρεση, κατάργηση (νόμου)

Abrogation, cancellation, annulment,repeal

Absentia

Αφάνεια, απουσία

Absence, deficiency, obscurity

Absolutus

Τέλειος, απόλυτος

Absolute, unconditional, total, entire, complete, comprehensive, perfect, clear

Absolvo

Αθωώνω κάποιον από κάτι (κατηγορία, έγκλημα)

Absolve, to free from guilt or blame, discharge, set free, acquit

Abusus

Κατάχρηση, δαπάνη

Abuse, expense, misuse, defalcation

Accensus

Κλητήρας

Bailiff, usher

Acceptilatio

Αθώωση, άφεση χρέους

Acquittal, exoneration, remission of a debt

Accepto

Λαμβάνω, (από)δέχομαι

Receive, accept

Acceptor

Αποδέκτης

Acceptor (someone who becomes liable on a draft by an acceptance of it), receiver

Accidentia

Σύμπτωση, συμβάν

Coincidence, event

Accideus

Συμβάν

Event

Accicatorium

Προσεπίκληση

Garnishment

Accusator

Κατήγορος, μηνυτής

Accuser, plaintiff, prosecutor, complainant

Accusatus

Κατηγορούμενος

Accused, respondent,suspect

Acquisitio

Κτήση, απόκτηση, πρόσκτηση

Acquisition, obtaining ownership or possession, procurement, acquirement, realization

Acta

Δημόσιες πράξεις

Public acts (acta publica: things of general knowledge and concern)

Actio

Αγωγή, αξίωση, κατηγορία, δίκη

Action, lawsuit, act, action at law, legal proceeding, judicial proceeding

Actio ad supplendum legitimam

Αγωγή συμπλήρωσης της νόμιμης μοίρας

Action to supplement the legal share (portion)

actio bonae fidei

Αγωγή καλής πίστης

Action in good faith

Actio civiles

Αγωγή αστική

Civil action

Actio ordinariae

Αγωγή τακτική

Ordinary action

Actio Pauliana

Αγωγή Παυλιανή

-

Actio publiciana

ΑγωγήΠουβλικιανή

-

Actor

Ενάγων, κατήγορος

Plaintiff, complainant

Actus

Δικαιοπραξία

Legal action/transaction

Actus legitimus

Νόμιμη πράξη

Legal/legitimate/lawful act

Ad cumen

Στο κακούργημα

Felony, gross offence, capital offence

Ad diem

Σε ρητή ημέρα

On a fixed day

Ad haec (hoc)

Προς τούτο, προς τούτοις

For this, for this special case or reason only

Ad referendum

Με επιφύλαξη

With reservation/qualification

Addico

Διορίζω, επιδικάζω

Appoint, constitute, name, nominate, adjudicate, adjudge

Adduco injure

Οδηγώ σε δίκη

Lead to trial

Adeo

προσέρχομαι

Come, arrive, attent, file into

Adigo

Προσάγω

To adduce, present witness, produce document/contract, to substantiate, establish by proof or competent evidence

Adimpleo

Εκτελώ, εκπληρώνω

Execute, perform, serve

Adjudico

Επιδικάζω, κατακυρώνω

Adjudge, adjudicate, award

Adjungo

Συνδέω

Attach, relate, associate, affiliate

Adjuro

Ορκίζομαι, βεβαιώνω ενόρκως

Take an oath, swear, sworn statement

Declare under oath, attested statement (affidavit)

Administratio

Υπηρεσία, διαχείριση

Duty, assignment, service, administration, management

Administro

Διοικώ, διαχειρίζομαι

Administer, conduct, direct, govern

Admissum

Αδίκημα

Offence, misdeed

Adoptio

Υιοθεσία

Adoption

Adopto

Υιοθετώ

Adopt

Advocatio

Συνηγορία, συνήγοροι

Advocacy, councel for the…(prosecution, civil action), pleading for, advocates, pleaders, councellor for…(prosecution, defence)

Advocatus

Σύνδικος, συνήγορος

Advocate, pleader, counsel, counselor, solicitor, barrister, assignee, receiver, trustee

Advoco

Καλώ (μάρτυρα)

Call a witness, summon a witness, subpoena to witnesses

Aequalitas

Ισότητα, ισονομία

Equality, equality before the law

Aequitas

Ισότητα, επιείκεια, δικαιοσύνη

Equality, liniency, equity

Aerarium

Ταμείο (δημόσιο)

Public Treasury

Aestimator

Εκτιμητής

Estimator, evaluator, appraiser, property expert, assessor

Aestimatio

Εκτίμηση

Evaluation, estimation, assessment, appraisal

Aestimo

Εκτιμώ, διατιμώ

Esteem, appreciate, rate, fix prices

Aetas

Ηλικία

Age

Affectio

Διάθεση

Mood, temper, intention, disposition, disposal

Affirmatio

Βεβαίωση

Affirmation, confirmation, attestation

Ager

Αγρός, χωράφι

Field, land

Ago

Ενάγω, κινώ δίκη

Sue, proceed with an action, commence or continue legal proceedings

Agricultura

Γεωργία

Agriculture

Album

Λεύκωμα (βιβλίο)

Record, journal, diary, memorandum

Album judicum

Κατάλογος δικαστικός

List of judges, judicial record

Alienatio

Απαλλοτρίωση

Apropriate, seize, dispossess, evict

Alienus

Αλλότριος, ξένος

Alien, foreign, extraneous, innaplicable, incongruous

Alimentum

Τροφεία

Alimony, maintenance, sustenance, support payment, allowance, upkeep

Alimentum legata

Διατροφή κληροδότου

Legator’s Sustenance

Allegatio

Αποστολή

Mission, consignment, dispatch, forwarding, expedition

Alumnus

Τρόφιμος

Inmate, boarder, inhabitant

Amicitia

Φιλία

Friendship, amity

Amissio

Αποβολή, απώλεια, στέρηση

Extrusion, loss, deprivation, forfeiture

Anatocismus

Ανατοκισμός

Compound interest

Anceps

Αμφισβητούμενος

Ambiguous, doubtful, two-edge, equivocal, controversial, disputable

Animus

Νους, διάνοια, ψυχή

Intention, design, will, mind, soul, disposition, motive, temper, animating spirit, animosity, bias

Animus domini

Διάνοια κυρίου

Thought/will of owner/proprietor

Annalis Annale(pluriel)

Ετήσιος

Annual, yearly, returning every year, occuring once a year

Annoto/adnoto

Προσδιορίζω

Define, assess, determine, fix, assign, appoint

Annus

Έτος

Year

Anticipatio

Πρόληψη

Prevention, forestalling, anticipation

Antiquatio

Ακύρωση, αναίρεση

Voidance, annulment, invalidation, cancellation, rescission, reversal

Appelio

Εγκαλώ, εγείρω έφεση

Prosecute, implead, indict, accuse, lodge a complaint, raise an appeal

Appellatio

Έφεση, έγκληση

Appeal, petition, appellate review, reexamination, indictment, impreachment, complain, denunciation, prosecution, accusation

Appellator

Εκκαλών

Appelant, appealer, challenger, aggrieved party

Apprehendo

Συλλαμβάνω

Arrest, seize, apprehend, take into custody, imprizon, capture, jail, constrain, confine, incarcerate

Approbatio

Συναίνεση, αποδοχή, απόδειξη

Approbation, approval, acknowledgement,agreement, consent, consensus, acquiescence, ratification, acceptance, reception, acceptation, evidence, proof, testimonial, receipt

Approbo

Συναινώ, αποδεικνύω

Acquiesce, approve, agree, assent, consent

Aqua

Νερό

Water

Arbiter

Διαιτητής

Arbitrator

Arbor

Δέντρο

Tree

Argumentarius

Τραπεζίτης

Banqer

Argumentatio

Απόδειξη

Proof, evidence, demonstration, receipt, grounds, plea, argument, argumentation

Argumentum

Τεκμήριο, απόδειξη

Proof, sign, mark, evidence, presumption of fact, presumption

Arma

Όπλο-α

Arm, weapon, gun, rifle

Arra

Αρραβών, ενέχυρο, υποθήκη

Engagement, gage, pledge, pawn

Arrogatio

Υιοθεσία

Mortgage, hypotheca

Assessor

Πάρεδρος

Adsessor, adjunct

Assigno

Απονέμω, χορηγώ

Administer (justice), allot, bestow, award, grant, allow, provide, procure

Assisto

Παρίσταμαι

Appear (before a court), enter an appearance, present oneself, attend the court proceeding, enter an appearance

Astipulatio

Συναίνεση, ομολογία

Approval,consent, consensus, acquiescense

Audientia

Ακρόαση

Hearing, listening

Audio

Ανακρίνω

Interrogate, examine, question

Auditorium

Ακροατήριο

Hearing, audience, congregation, assemblage

Auditor

Ανακριτής, ακροατής

Examiner, interrogator, auditor

Authenticus

Αυθεντικός

Authentic, genuine